DirectX Diagnostics(DxDiag, for short) is a diagnostic tool used for testing DirectX video and audio components. DxDiag can export very detailed hardware information to a TXT file, which can be useful for later system diagnostics. Here are the steps to open it:
Step 1. Press Win + R on your keyboard and type in ‘dxdiag’.
Step 2. To save all the data to a TXT file for later use, click the ‘Save All Information’ button and choose location where the TXT file shall be saved!
That’s it! Now you can store the file for later use or just explore DxDiag interface.
In Skype 6.10, Microsoft implemented a very annoying feature in Skype: banner ads. This tutorial will show you how to disable them.
1) Disable promotions
Promotions are little banners that show in the lower left corner of Skype window, under contacts list. You can turn them off or on at any time.
Step 1. Go to Tools -> Options -> Notifications.
Step 2. Click Alert & Messages and uncheck Help and Skype tips and Promotions.
Step 3. Restart Skype.
That’s it! There is nothing more to do to disable promotions. Enjoy more contact list space!
2) Disable ads
There are 3 ways to disable them: via Internet Options in Windows, by changing hosts file and by changing Skype language file. First way works only for Windows, while the second and third work for all systems.
Keep in mind that that you won’t be able to use Skype Updater or access skype.com if you change your hosts or disable sites via Internet Options.
1) Via Internet Options
If you are using Windows 7, open Start menu from the task bar and type Internet options in the search box, then find it on the list and click it. If you are using Windows XP, follow this article to open it.
Step 1. Open Internet Options windows.
Step 2. Switch to Security tab and click Restricted sites.
Step 3. Click Sites button.
Step 4. Add these 2 addresses:
Step 5. Close all Internet Options windows and restart Skype.
2) By changing the hosts file
Step 1. Open hosts file from %systemroot%\system32\drivers\etc\.
Step 2. Add the following lines to the end of the file:
Almost everyone heard for the film “Star Wars”. Some of us have even watched it. If you haven’t watched it yet, you can do it directly from your Windows machine. Yes, that’s right – you can. If you are on Windows Vista or Windows 7 or Windows 8 you will need to enable telnet service if you haven’t already. You may also have to configure your antivirus software to not block the telnet port 23.
Let’s watch Star Wars!
1) You want to do it the hard way
Step 1. Press Win + R.
Step 2. Enter telnet.exe and press Enter.
Step 3. Type in o and press Enter.
Step 4. Type in towel.blinkenlights.nl and press Enter.
2) Easy way
Step 1. Press Win + R.
Step 2. Type in telnet towel.blinkenlights.nl and press Enter.
Step 3. A new windows will come up. If your antivirus asks you to confirm Internet access, allow it.
Conclusion on Star Wars Episode IV ASCII film
This trick can be used to fool your friends that you have converted the film to ASCII: they will be amazed. If you yet have not watched this first Star Wars film, now is your chance to do so!
Administrator account exists in Windows Vista, 7 and 8 and is hidden by default. It does not exist in Windows XP and older versions of Windows.
Administrator account purpose
The purpose of administrator account is to fix problems that couldn’t be fixed in normal situations. Administrator account should be disabled after using because inexperienced users could do a lot of damage. It can be enabled through CMD or registry.
1) Via CMD
Step 1. Open CMD with admin rights. To do this, search for “cmd” in the start menu, then right click it and select Run as Administrator.
Step 2. Run the following command:
net user administrator /active:yes
Step 3. You should see a message that says it is done successfully. Now log out of your account and you should have a new account available on the login screen, called Administrator.
Step 4. When you finished what you wanted to do, open CMD as admin again and run the following command
net user administrator /active:no to disable it.
2) Via registry
Step 1. Press Win + R to load the Run window.
Step 2. Type in “regedit” without quotes and press Enter.
Step 3. Go to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon\SpecialAccounts\Userlist.
Step 4. Right click and create a new DWORD entry.
Step 5. Name it “Administrator” without quotes.
Step 6. Right click it and select Modify.
Step 7. In the Value data text box enter 1 instead 0.
Bukkit is a tool that helps your shape and run your Minecraft server per your needs.
There are many types of Minecraft servers; the most popular ones are Vanilla(pure Minecraft), Bukkit and Tekkit.
The reason why I like Bukkit over others is it can be customized exactly as you wish and it doesn’t require players to have the same mods/plugins installed on their machines, as Vanilla does. Here is how to setup your own Minecraft Bukkitserver:
Step 1. Go to CraftBukkit website and choose the version you want your server to run. I use this one, 1.7.2 Beta R0.3. Currently, Minecraft 1.6.4 is very old and has low plugin support. Development builds are very fresh and full of errors and unstable functions. Beta builds are your best bet.
Step 2. Find the downloaded file and copy-paste it into a new folder on desktop called Bukkit Server.
Step 3. Now you have 2 options: to do it the hard way. or to use BukkitGUI.
1) The hard way
Open the folder where you copied Bukkit jar file. Rename it to craftbukkit.jar, then make a startserver.txt file and rename it to startserver.bat. Click yes if it asks you for file extension, then open the file and put this code in it:
java -Xmx1024M -jar craftbukkit.jar -o true
Where 1024M is the RAM memory you want to dedicate to your server. Feel free to change it.
Close the editor and run the file. First time it will be slow and it will create a bunch of folders and files. When it finishes, type in “stop” and press Enter. If you see a “Java is not recognized” error, go to this post to solve the problem.
2) Via Bukkit GUI
This is a very useful tool for server owners. If you choose to use it, you do not need to download Bukkit manually; it will do this job for you! I’ll cover this later on.
First, you need to download it from here, and copy-paste it to a folder, then run it. Wait for it to load. When it loads, click Super Start tab and select Bukkit in server type drop down. On the right you have a bucket with lava. In the Download # text box enter the build number (I recommend #3020 – latest beta version of 1.7.2) and click download. When it finishes, select your Java version from the drop down. Change the minimum and maximum RAM slider value, if you want. Remember that you need to double click a plugin that you want to install, then select the 1.7.2 R0.3 version(or the one you use). Click Launch server button and you’re good to go!
From the drop down choose you Wireless network if you are on Wireless or choose LAN if you are on LAN. If you expect to use both, do the following steps twice.
Step 1. Select your LAN/Wireless connection from the drop down and click Make it static button.
Step 2. Press OK button if you are satisfied with the current settings.
Step 3. A new window will appear. Wait for it to close.
Step 4. If the button reads Make it dynamic, then congratulations! It is finished!
Now, we need to know what is your IP address. To do this, just go here and Google will show you your current public IP address. People will connect to your Minecraft server via this IP.
Port forwarding: part 2
Now we have to make our router know for our server and allow it to communicate with other computers. Go to your router’s admin page (most likely to be 192.168.0.1 or 192.168.1.1) and enter the login credentials.
These settings are for a TP-LINK router, however, the options may be similarly named in your router.
Go here for help if you cannot find port forwarding settings.
Click the Forwarding link in the menu on the left and if it isn’t already selected, click Virtual Servers.
As we can see, our list of virtual servers is empty. Click Add New… button.
In the Service Port field enter your desired port (must be the same as the one configured in server.properties).
In IP address text box, enter your static IP address and click the Save button.
If you see this, that means that you have successfully configured port forwarding!
If you followed all the steps and everything went fine, this is all you have to do! Now you can start your server, enter Minecraft, go to multiplayer and add a new server. Remember, server IP is <yourcurrentpublicip>:<port>.
Always make regular daily backups! These are crucial if your server shuts down unexpectedly.
Your current server is portable; you can copy-paste it to your USB drive and carry it around, but the network you are in must have configured port forwarding and static IP address.
Sponges are decoration blocks that have no other uses. In the upcoming 1.8 update, they are given ability to absorb water in 5x5x5 area and a new variant, wet sponge.
Currently they are obtainable in creative mode or via /give <name> 19 command.
Before 1.8 sponges are used only for decoration.
Upcoming info about sponges
Starting from version 1.8(14w25a) sponges have 2 variants: dry sponge and wet sponge and a new ability to absorb water in 5x5x5 area. Their texture has also changed and they are again obtainable in survival mode.
Dry sponges turns to wet sponges after drying an area. Wet sponges are darker, full of water and unable to soak up more water. They can be dried in a furnace with any fuel. If you put a fuel so it starts burning, then replace the fuel with an empty bucket, after the process you will get a dry sponge and a bucket full of water. The most efficient way to use sponge is to start at the top and go down; sponges placed at the bottom will just result in water flooding the cleared area.
Sponges cannot be crafted and they spawn only in Ocean Monuments.
Cauldrons are blocks that hold water. They are crafted from 7 iron ingots and they always spawn empty in a witch hut. To fill a cauldron with water, right-click on the cauldron with a water bucket. A cauldron also has a chance to fill up with water when rained upon.
Cauldron uses and mechanics
Cauldron cannot be used to fill an empty bucket, and water bottles cannot be used to refill a cauldron, but a water bucket can fill a cauldron to it’s fullest. A cauldron can be filled from a water bucket in the Nether. You can fill up to 3 water buckets from a full cauldron.
A cauldron can act as a power source for a redstone comparator. With a cauldron behind it (possibly separated by an unpowered solid block), a comparator will output a signal strength proportional to how full the cauldron is: 0 for empty, 1 for one-third full, 2 for two-thirds full, and 3 for completely full.
When a cauldron is destroyed (dropping itself as an item), any water inside it will be lost, so it’s better to first pickup the water and then destroy the cauldron.
My opinion on cauldrons
They are very useful blocks. This way you can bring and store water in The Nether. Cauldrons are often used for secret passages, because if you are pushed by a piston while standing in the front of a cauldron, you will fall through it if there is a free space under the cauldron.